Matthias Koops. Historical Account of the Substances Which Have Been Used to Describe Events, and to Convey Ideas, from the Earliest Date to the Invention of Paper. London: Jaques and Co., 1801.
Until the mid-19th century most paper was made from cotton or linen rags. The supply of rags dictated the supply of paper, which in turn dictated the price of printing. This prompted early papermakers to experiment with different source materials. Matthias Koops, a London merchant always looking for a new enterprise, set his sights on the invention of paper from straw and wood. He produced a book, seen here, printed entirely on straw paper, with an appendix printed on paper made from wood shavings. His work, however, did not pay off. While the paper was quite durable, it was also very costly. Koops published only two editions in successive years, after which he went bankrupt. The search for a suitable substitute for rag continued for another half century.